What are the two major types of mood disorders?
The two major types of mood disorders are depressive disorders and bipolar disorders
Depressive disorders are characterised by periods of extreme sadness, hopelessness, despair, worthlessness, along with several physical and cognitive symptoms.
Bipolar disorders are classified as:
Previously known as “manic depressive” disorder, bipolar I involves alternating cycles of mania and depression. Mania is characterised by euphoric mood, hyper energy, and/or irritable moods and aggression.
People with bipolar II disorder show signs of hypomania alternating with depression. Hypomania is simply a less severe form of mania.